Sermons preached on the story of the prophet Elijah, told in part in this morning's Old Testament
text, usually focus on the conflict between Elijah and the prophets of Baal, and Elijah's victory
over them; or on Elijah's flight into the wilderness to escape the wrath of Queen Jezebel; or on
Elijah's encounter with God in the "still small voice," which the NewRSV translates as "a sound
of sheer silence." But there is another facet of this story that has incited my thinking for this
morning. It has to do with those who are missing from the story. It has to do with those voices
we do not encounter when we read this story. I refer to the "seven thousand in Israel" whose
knees had not bowed to Baal, whose mouths had not kissed him, who had not succumbed to the
worship of vain idols.
There is a somewhat pathetic side to Elijah in this story. When God first asks him what he is
doing, hiding out in a cave in the wilderness, Elijah protests his faithfulness to Yahweh, then
complains, "the Israelites have forsaken your covenant, thrown down your altars, and killed your
prophets with the sword. I alone am left, and they are seeking my life, to take it away." The note
of self-pity and self-righteousness is unmistakable. Despite Elijah's victory over the 450 prophets
of Baal, despite his success in getting all the people to slaughter them en mass, Elijah presents
himself as vulnerable and alone.
Then comes the drama of the wind, the earthquake, and the fire, followed by the "sound of sheer
silence." It is a powerful, moving passage, yet Elijah seems unmoved. The voice of Yahweh
asks him again, "What are you doing here?" and he answers exactly as before. Today we might
say that Elijah was suffering from burn-out. He had expended all his energy, depleted his
confidence, exhausted his hope. And perhaps most importantly, he had lost sight of the resources
that were still available to him and his people. At the conclusion of God's instructions to him,
God says there are seven thousand who will be left in Israel who have not bowed their knees to
Baal. There is still a people worth saving, a people for whom he has not been a prophet in vain.
Why is it that people who see themselves as faithful to God often fail to notice that they are not
alone? By temperament and vocation, the true prophet is bound to experience loneliness and
rejection. There are not many who feel called to take the risks, bear the burdens, assume the
tasks and responsibilities, of the prophet. But prophets need to know that they are not the only
servants of Yahweh. There are many others who have not succumbed to the temptations of the
age, nor yielded themselves to false gods. The true disciple of Jesus may likewise be inclined to
see himself or herself as uniquely called to do God's work. John, the beloved disciple of Jesus,
appears to have this problem in our New Testament text. He and some other disciples have
found a man, not one of their own company, who has been casting out demons in Jesus' name.
Shouldn't he be stopped? But Jesus assures John, "Whoever is not against us is for us."
Unknown to us, or apart from us, other persons may also be doing God's work.
One of the challenges of Christian faith is to give voice to those people whom we might
otherwise ignore. We need to lift up all those voices that might otherwise go unheard. Without
these voices, we lose sight of the full range and possibility of divine presence in our world. God
is not present only in church, only on Sunday, only among those who profess the faith in terms
we hear and understand. God is not concerned only about the world as we recognize it, only as
we encounter it, only as we struggle within in, only as we are open and willing to serve it. God,
and all the blessings of divine creation, all the mercies of grace, are not lost on everybody who
has not linked arms with us in common cause. We are not alone in being agents of divine service
Part of what I am saying is widely recognized in the church. We have often been told that we are
called to lift up the voices of those who are on the margins of our society. We think of the poor,
the disadvantaged, the oppressed. Whenever I conduct the ordination and installation of new
elders I read from our Presbyterian BOOK OF ORDER the section on the duty of elders. Elders,
I read, are to "visit and comfort and care for the people, with special attention to the poor, the
sick, the lonely, and those who are oppressed" (G6.0304). These are persons whose voices
especially need to be heard, and not just because they have special needs. It may be that they
have special insights as well. But it is often easy to ignore them. They are often not able to
speak for themselves, not able to claim our attention, not able to make themselves visible or
audible to us.
The BOOK OF ORDER says that elders "should inform the pastor and session of those persons
and structures which may need special attention." We tend to think here of those persons and
circumstances within the life of the church that need special attention, and some sort of pastoral
care. But we might also think of those persons and structures in our world that would otherwise
go unnoticed, neglected, or ignored. God's children are not just those of us who belong to each
other. God's servants are not entirely encompassed by our circle of companions.
Writing in the PRESBYTERIAN SURVEY magazine a few years back, Vernon Broyles asked,
"Where Is the Voice of Compassion?" [January 1995] He had in mind the then-current
preoccupation in our public life with cutting taxes, and hence cutting services, to many of the
most needy in our society. Our situation seems different today. In recent months the voice of
compassion has frequently been raised, rightly raised, for the victims of the tragic events of
September 11 and their families; and for those who were affected by the bio-terrorism of the
anthrax spores. As a nation we have grieved for them, and tried to honor and cherish them. But
our situation today is also in many ways the same as it was a few years ago. The budget surplus
is gone, so there's not much chance of further tax reductions, but the reductions in services to the
most needy still go on.
We have a perennial calling; it never goes completely away. Christians are called to lift up the
voices of those who do not fend well for themselves. There are many in our society--the
homeless, the mentally ill, the sufferers of AIDS, the unemployed, the imprisoned, as well as the
disadvantaged and the poor--whom we are not encouraged to spend much time thinking about.
But dare we ignore them? It would be self-righteous to write them off. It is self-pitying to
complain of the demands they place upon us. How can we possibly think honestly of ourselves
as God's people apart from them? Surely we must find ways to lift their voices with our own, to
help them to be heard. And we are called to be a voice of compassion for them.
Martin Luther King, Jr., whom we honor tomorrow, was such a voice on behalf of those whom
our society kept trying to exclude. We remember him especially for his non-violent struggle to
obtain equal civil rights for all African-Americans, but the scope of his prophetic ministry was
much larger than that. He was a partisan not simply of his own race but of the human race, an
advocate for justice and compassion on behalf of all who were being crushed by the power of the
dominating social, economic, and political interests of our time.
But King also understood that the voices of the poor, the disadvantaged, and the oppressed were
not the only voices that needed to be heard. In a sermon on nonconformity, which was surely in
some ways autobiographical, King declared, "Human salvation lies in the hands of the creatively
maladjusted. Today we need maladjusted men like Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego"--you
remember them, the three Jewish fellows who refused to worship the statue of the king of
Babylon--today we need maladjusted people like them "who, when ordered by King
Nebuchadnezzar to bow before a golden image, said in unequivocal terms, 'If it be so, our God
whom we serve is able to deliver us . . . But if not . . . we will not serve thy gods'"
["Transformed Nonconformity," STRENGTH TO LOVE, 14].
King concluded his sermon by saying,
We must make a choice. Will we continue to march to the drumbeat of conformity and
respectability, or will we, listening to the beat of a more distant drum, move to its echoing
sounds? Will we march only to the music of time, or will we, risking criticism and abuse,
march to the soul-saving music of eternity? More than ever before we are today
challenged by the words of yesterday, "Be not conformed to this world; but be ye
transformed by the renewing of your mind" [ibid., p. 15].
We here today are challenged by these more recent words of yesterday. We hear plenty of the
voices of expediency, conformity, and popular respectability. Let us hear, and lift up, the voices
of nonconformity in our midst that would remind us of what is noble and just, true and enduring,
in the long march of humanity across the changing arenas of our history. King helped us to
believe not only in justice and civil rights, but in forbearance and nonviolence, not only in the
power of the ballot box but in the power of moral force and example. We must lift up the voices
of those who oppose violence and continue to believe in the possibilities of nonviolent resolution
of human problems. We must lift up the voices of those who reject the maxim of might makes
right, who pursue justice, peace, and reconciliation at personal sacrifice and without concession
to the prerogatives of power. In our day these are to be counted among the "seven thousand"
who have not bowed their knees to Baal.
There are still other voices that need to be lifted up in our midst: The voices of those who have
not succumbed to the self-indulgences of a consumer culture and an entertainment economy; the
voices of those who believe that a person's life does not consist in the abundance of one's
possessions, or the extent of one's capacity to exploit the resources of this planet; the voices of
those who, believing that the commonwealth of God is an inclusive fellowship of all peoples,
find it unnecessary to secure their own existence at the expense or exclusion of others.
Many whose voices need to be heard are not sure the Christian Church has a place for them.
Grounded in Minneapolis while returning from my grandfather's funeral a few years ago, I
wandered over to the Mall of America and purchased a copy of Kathleen Norris' best-selling
book, DAKOTA: A SPIRITUAL GEOGRAPHY. Norris resides in Lemmon, South Dakota,
where she and her poet-husband moved some twenty-five years ago to the family farm when her
Presbyterian grandmother died. She had been living as a budding writer in New York City. Her
book is in many respects an effort to give voice to the people and land of Western Dakota, but it
is especially an expression of her own spiritual pilgrimage, a pilgrimage that connects with many
of the themes of our time.
Norris writes, with respect to her move to the Dakota of her Presbyterian grandmother,
. . . for a time I tried on her Presbyterian church, the way I wore her old jackets and used her furniture. I still enjoyed singing hymns, but found that church was an uneasy exercise in nostalgia, and soon stopped going.
When some ten years later I began going to church again because I felt I needed to, I
wasn't prepared for the pain. The services felt like word bombardment--agony for a poet--and often exhausted me so much I'd have to sleep for three or more hours afterward.
Doctrinal language slammed many a door in my face, and I became frustrated when I
couldn't glimpse the Word behind the words. Ironically, it was the language about Jesus
Christ, meant to be most inviting, that made me feel most left out. Sometimes I'd give up,
deciding that I just wasn't religious. This elicited an interesting comment from a pastor
friend who said, 'I don't know too many people who are so serious about religion they
can't even go to church'" [p. 94].
Norris is nothing if not religious. Her "spiritual geography," as she calls it, is a moving account
of how she understands her life and faith. She has become an active member of her
grandmother's Presbyterian church. Her voice, however, speaks for many who remain outside
the church--feminists and others who are bothered by much of the language of the church; well-educated and widely experienced young and middle-aged adults still searching for a spiritual
center to their lives; those who have heard a distant, different drummer that has lured them away
from conventional paths of success. There are many who have not capitulated to the idols of
materialist culture, yet remain outside the church, not because they are irreligious, but because
they and the church have yet to find a way to come to terms. Their voices need to be lifted up,
that we might hear and recognize in them a sign of God's presence and grace.
Let us lift every voice, our own and those we would neglect and those our culture would deny. Let us lift every voice that is born out of the struggle to be faithful,
and every voice that is engaged in the covenant of service,
and every voice that is muted in the struggle to survive,
and every voice that yet hopes for a better world,
and every voice for peace and justice against exploitation and strife,
and every voice for integrity and truth amidst conformity and confusion,
and every voice that seeks an honest and authentic encounter with the Source of our Being.
The cause of God does not rest only in our hands. There are many others from whom we may receive sustaining mercies, in whom we may witness divine compassion and power, and with whom we may experience and celebrate God's saving grace. AMEN.
Copyright 2002 by Byron C. Bangert